Published May 19, on bustle.com. Jenny Hollander explains Dyspraxia, a.k.a. Developmental Coordination Disorder. Many clumsy folks have underlying sensory issues that affect how they respond to sensations of touch and movement. Read more
Published in ADDitude: Strategies and Support for ADHD & LD, Winter 2016.
Put sensory problems to rest with these quick “tuneups” that can help kids with ADHD and SPD regroup after becoming overloaded.
Published May 31, on Boston Parents’ Paper
At recess, Emma, 9, refuses to participate in jump-rope or four-square games. Emma is over-responsive to movement sensations, which terrify her. She tells her friends, “I’m no good at that.”
At the front door, Aiden, 10, waits for his mother to tie his shoelaces. He has dyspraxia, and sequencing the actions to dress himself is still hard. “Today, you try it!” she says hopefully. He scowls and growls, “No, not today.”
Published May 24, on Mother.ly
Envision two unique babies. Benjy has been on the go since Day 1. Constantly active, frequently fretful, easily startled, and a fitful sleeper, he sure keeps his parents on their toes. Speaking of toes, he skipped crawling and walked on tiptoes at nine months! Mom and Dad are exhausted—but that’s just how it is with an infant, they guess.
Valerie’s parents appreciate her peaceful nature. She goes to anyone, naps often, sleeps all night, and is content being moved from car to grocery cart to stroller to house, strapped in her baby seat. Her parents notice that she’s uninterested in watching it snow or grasping a rattle, but she does seem entranced with the laptop’s screensaver beside her on the kitchen counter.
Two very different tots—one underlying disorder.
Published March 31 in The Gazette, Cedar Rapids, Iowa.
During Carol Kranowitz’s 25 years as a preschool teacher, she realized there were certain children in her classes that seemed “out-of-sync.”
“They refused to participate in art projects or music projects,” she said, explaining that these kids often didn’t like touching gooey or sticky things like paint. “I really wanted every child to have fun at school.”
Kranowitz began looking into reasons why these children experienced things differently than others. That’s when she discovered SPD — a disorder where the nervous system receives sensory signals but does not organize them into appropriate responses, often resulting in motor and behavioral problems.
Published June 8 on Parents.com
Kids who are “out-of-sync” with the world due to Sensory Processing Disorder (SPD) struggle with a variety of sensory and motor challenges, but we can help them through simple routines and consistent activities. I’ve learned this from everyday experiences with my own autistic son (SPD and autism often go hand-in-hand), as well as through conversations with educator and writer Carol Kranowitz, who has helped parents and professionals better understand SPD for years with her popular books about the disorder, including The Out-of-Sync-Child.
Published in Sensory Focus, Summer issue
An advertisement from an electric power company dropped through my mail slot today, shouting, BLACKOUT: Could It Happen Again? It got me thinking about survival skills. When an outage occurs and we can’t switch on the electric power, we must switch to our own power to get from place to place, prepare meals, communicate with others, and entertain ourselves.
Will we be prepared? Especially those among us with SPD and other physical challenges?
Alas, so much is done for us these days that we all are becoming “do-ees” instead of “do-ers.” Learned helplessness is everybody’s problem.
Consider automatic doors, electric can openers, battery-operated pencil sharpeners, Velcro fasteners, electronic keyboards, TV remotes, pre-sliced vegetables, and public restrooms’ sensor faucets. (Who’s the sensor? Not us!) These “smart” things are designed to make life easier and cleaner today — but they deny children opportunities to develop skills they will need tomorrow. Kids need steady practice using their sensory systems and engaging their bodies to push, pull, squeeze, rotate, twist, tie, zip, write, slice, chop, and perform other everyday actions. How smart is a device that renders us senseless?
Let’s not allow devices to extinguish our senses! We need our senses!
We need them, first, for survival. We must be at-the-ready to satisfy physical demands like hunger and to protect ourselves from potential threats. When we feel safe and that we will survive, we can relax and use our senses for a second vital purpose — that of discriminating what is happening around us.
Sensory discrimination helps us do and master important skills. The more important an activity is for survival, the more senses are involved. Because eating and making love are essential for life, they are the two human activities that engage all eight senses simultaneously. (Can you think of a third? Let me know.) In contrast, watching TV while lying on the couch uses only two senses — visual and auditory — and passively, at that.
Effective learning takes attention, time and practice. We learn to write after learning to scribble, to obey traffic rules on the road after riding bikes at the playground, and to pitch a baseball after tossing a beach ball. Many hands-on moments with regular faucets lead the way to turning an unfamiliar faucet handle with appropriate force, in the correct direction, and to the right extent … and then to turning the handle to “off” before walking away. (Can a sensor faucet teach all that?)
To develop and enhance our kids’ survival skills, let’s provide real, three dimensional, fun and functional experiences to get their bodies and brains in sync. Think of heavy work activities that use kid power, not electric or battery power. Think of action verbs, like push, pull, lift, carry, slice, chop, jump, climb, throw, catch, and so forth. The more kids do, the more they can do, and the more likely they will be to survive, superbly, when the lights go out.
HEAVY DUTY ACTIVITIES TO DEVELOP KID POWER
- HEAVE heavy, indestructible grocery items into the cart, such as bags of beans and potatoes, plastic bottles of water, cans of soup and iced tea, and so forth. The heavier, the better.
- HOIST grocery bags into the car, into the kitchen, onto the counter.
- LIFT the items out of the bags and stow them in the refrigerator and pantry.
- SLICE vegetables for a Circle Salad (see Box).
- CHOP vegetables for a Chopped Salad.
- TWIST a mill to grind pepper.
- GRATE a large, firm wedge of cheese using a box grater.
- PEEL carrots, cucumbers, potatoes.
- TUG the string, or ROTATE the handle, of a salad spinner to dry lettuce.
- TEAR lettuce leaves into bite-sized pieces.
- HUSK corn on the cob.
- VACUUM, SWEEP, SHOVEL, and RAKE.
- DRAG the hose to water the grass or wash the car.
- TUG the puppy around the block.
- CARRY the laundry basket upstairs.
- STAND UP without using hands.
- DO PUSH-UPS. • CLIMB STAIRS without leaning on the banister.
For ages 7 and up (Note: Some children younger than 7 can handle a kitchen knife well, and some children — regardless of age — cannot. You know your child best, so please use your own judgment!)
What You Need
Sharp, round-tip kitchen knife Large cutting board Vegetables: • Yellow squash, zucchini, and peeled cucumbers (easy-to-slice for children with low tone, low stamina, or poor motor coordination) • Carrots, celery, unpeeled cucumbers, onions, scallions, radishes, grape tomatoes, and olives (requiring more motor-planning, strength or dexterity)
What You Do
1. Slice vegetables into circles.
2. Mingle all the pretty circles in a bowl and serve with your favorite dressing.
Helps Your Child Develop and Enhance …
- Motor planning (for using kitchen tools)
- Bilateral coordination (for using two hands in different ways to accomplish a task)
- Social relationships (for being part of a team and helping to feed a group)
- Can-do spirit (for trying new activities and perhaps new foods)
- Nutrition (for nourishing the body as well as the central nervous system)
- All eight sensory systems (even picky eaters who don’t engage their gustatory sense still use seven senses!)
- Tactile — Hands manipulate the vegetables, developing touch discrimination and fine-motor skills
- Proprioceptive — Hands, arms and upper body get into correct position to push the knife through the vegetables, developing appropriate force
- Vestibular — Body is upright and stable, improving balance; muscles needed to handle the food and tool are engaged, improving muscle tone and stamina • Visual — Eyes see the vegetables, hands, and knife, improving visual discrimination and visual-motor coordination • Auditory — Ears hear the knife touching the board, improving auditory discrimination
- Olfactory — Nose smells the vegetables, improving what the nose knows and stimulating the appetite
- Gustatory — Mouth tastes the Circle Salad (let’s hope), increasing foods the child will eat
- Interoceptive — Internal organs digest the food, improving general health
Ways to Make It More Challenging
- Slant the knife to slice ovals for an Ellipse Salad
- Cube the vegetables to make a Block Salad
- Use a melon baller to scoop little orbs of watermelon, cantaloupe, and honeydew for a Sphere Salad
- Celebrate holidays with color-coordinated vegetables (green peppers, parsnips and carrots for St. Patrick’s Day; broccoli, mushrooms and tomatoes for Columbus Day)
What to Look for
- The child holds the vegetables firmly and has good control of the knife
- The child slices the vegetables in somewhat regular circles
- The work stays on the cutting board
- The child is engaged and having fun
HARD WORK IS FUN
A preschool student of mine loved playing in the Housekeeping Corner. At home, this privileged boy had a nanny, housekeeper, and cook to serve him. At school, donning an apron, he served others. He swept, ironed, dressed the baby dolls, prepared imaginary meals like “Magic Soup,” and tidied up his own messes. One day, I said, “At our school, you are one of the hardest workers!” Laughing, this resourceful child said, “At my house, people who work hard have all the fun!”
Carol Kranowitz, author of The Out-of-Sync Child and co-author with Joye Newman of Growing an In-Sync Child and In-Sync Activity Cards, is working on a new book, The Out-of-Sync Child Grows Up.
Published January 7 in The Washington Post.
Children have long regarded recess as a highlight of the school day. Last week, unstructured play breaks got an endorsement from the American Academy of Pediatrics.
“We all feel so much better after we have moved purposefully and vigorously,” said Carol Kranowitz of Bethesda, who co-authored Growing an In-Sync Child with Joye Newman. “Children will have a better appetite for lunch, be more alert throughout the school day and be infinitely more cheerful if they have frequent recesses.”
- Growing an In-Sync Child: Simple, Fun Activities to Help Every Child Develop, Learn and Grow
- In-Sync Activity Card Book: Simple, Fun Activities to Help Children Develop, Learn and Grow
- The Goodenoughs Get in Sync: 5 Family Members Overcome Their Special Sensory Issues
- The Out-of-Sync Child Grows Up: Coping with SPD in the Adolescent and Young Adult Years
- The Out-of-Sync Child Has Fun: Activities for Kids with SPD
- The Out-of-Sync Child: Recognizing and Coping with Sensory Processing Disorder
“The Out-of-Sync Child has become the parents’ bible to [Sensory Processing Disorder].”
The New York Times
“Warm and wise, [The Out-of-Sync Child] will bring both hope and practical help to parents Continue Reading
Jane M. Healy Learning specialist and author of Your Child’s Growing Mind
“[The Out-of-Sync Child] is great! It is a real contribution to the parents of the Continue Reading
T. Berry Brazelton, MD Founder, Brazelton Foundation, Children’s Hospital, Boston